The concept of acculturation

Kramer developed his theory of Cultural Fusion[9][10] a, [11] a, [10] [12] a, [11] [13][14] [15] maintaining clear, conceptual distinctions between assimilation, adaptation, and integration. The concept of acculturation refers to shared meanings, understandings, or referents held by a group of people Shore, ; Triandis, So, indeed, acculturation—especially heritage-culture retention—may unfold differently in ethnic enclaves than in other types of contexts.

Asylum seekers are those who, by their own choice, seek sanctuary in a new country because of fear of persecution or violence. It is important to note that this group fully intends to return to their native country.

It would appear that service delivery that continues to be based solely on the idea of normalization, as was done initially, or social role valorization, as is done currently, without attention to evaluating outcome will continue to create controversy Chappell, ; Elks, by continuing to confuse the valuable theoretical intent of normalization with the actual practical application of normalization.

Integration leads to, and is often synonymous with biculturalism. Although migrants likely are at choice regarding some aspects of their acculturation, other aspects are constrained by demographic or contextual factors. Recent research has compared the acculturative processes of documented Mexican-American immigrants and undocumented Mexican-American immigrants and found significant differences in their experiences and levels of acculturative stress.


For voluntary migrants—immigrants and asylum seekers—migration occurs because of the confluence of two general factors: Results of such studies generally suggest biculturalism as the most adaptive approach to acculturation.

The acculturation categories model, however, has been criticized on at least two fronts Rudmin, Scholars making this distinction use the term "acculturation" only to address large-scale cultural transactions.


We discuss the role of ethnicity, cultural similarity, and discrimination in the acculturation process, offer an operational definition for context of reception, and call for studies on the role that context of reception plays in the acculturation process. For another example, the label Hispanic was invented by the U.

Abstract This article presents an expanded model of acculturation among international migrants and their immediate descendants.

According to Kramer, assimilation involves conformity to a pre-existing form.

As a result, there are gaps in cultural values between many migrants and the societies that are receiving them. There are separate literatures on cultural practices language use, media preferences, social affiliations, and cultural customs and traditionscultural values belief systems associated with a specific context or group, such as the value placed on the individual person versus the value placed on the family or other groupand cultural identifications attachments to cultural groups, and the positive esteem drawn from these attachments.

Refugees are those who are involuntarily displaced by war, persecution, or natural disasters and are resettled in a new country, usually by virtue of agreements between international aid agencies and the governments of those countries that have agreed to accept the refugees.

One important distinction when it comes to risk for acculturative stress is degree of willingness, or migration status, which can differ greatly if one enters a country as a voluntary immigrant, refugee, asylum seeker, or sojourner.

Acculturation theorists, particularly in the field of cross cultural psychology, often draw upon their dispassionate, etic and empiricist ethnographic work to develop their theoretical frameworks of acculturation, and then systematically formulate psychometric instruments to measure acculturation.

For example, Hispanic and Asian migrants arriving in largely monocultural areas, such as the American Midwest, may have little choice but to learn English and to associate with White Americans.Acculturation has been defined in many ways and various definitions are provided to give a better understanding of the concept.

According to Suinn and Khoo, acculturation is a process that can occur when two or more cultures interact. Own cultural background Culture of the Workplace Acculturation to an inpatient hospital setting How can the general concept of acculturation apply to our every practice, on.

A critical examination of acculturation theories

The concept of acculturation, conceived in the fields of anthropology and sociology early in the 20th century (see Park & Burgess, ; Redfield, Linton & Herskovits, ), has been used to explain dynamics involved when people from diverse cultural backgrounds come into.

Acculturation definition is - cultural modification of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture; also: a merging of cultures as a result of prolonged contact. How to use acculturation in a sentence. What is the difference between acculturation.

Acculturation has become a well-recognized and important area of study (Berry,b; Tadmor, Tetlock, & Peng, ). Broadly, as applied to individuals, acculturation refers to changes that take place as a result of contact with culturally dissimilar people, groups, and social influences (Gibson, ).


Rethinking the Concept of Acculturation

Acculturation can be defined as the ‘process of learning and incorporating the values, beliefs, language, customs and mannerisms of the new country immigrants and their families are living in, including behaviors that affect health such as dietary habits, activity levels and substance use.

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The concept of acculturation
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