Experiment 2 Participants — students from the University of Washington. Conduct your own study repeating one of the experiments by Loftus and Palmer. Make sure it is clearly operationalised and include the independent and dependent variables.
Students are not representative of the general population in a number of ways. A week later the participants were recalled and asked some more questions about the film. The addition of false details to a memory of an event is referred to as confabulation.
As the video clip does not have the same emotional impact as witnessing a real-life accident the participants would be less likely to pay attention and less motivated to be accurate in their judgements. A leading question is a question that suggests what answer is desired or leads to the desired answer.
After watching the film participants were asked to describe what had happened as if they were eyewitnesses. To test this Loftus and Palmer asked people to estimate the speed of motor vehicles using different forms of questions. To test their hypothesis that the language used in eyewitness testimony can alter memory.
Distortion and Response Bias. They argue that what they hear after the event can distort our memories. They argue that we have no way of knowing that the memory has been distorted.
In this experiment loftus and palmer argue that two things can be happening: The videos were shown to the participants in random order. How to reference this article: For example, they may be required to give a description of a robbery or a road accident someone has seen. Importantly they may be less experienced drivers and therefore less confident in their ability to estimate speeds.
A study conducted by Yuille and Cutshall conflicts the findings of this study. Loftus and Palmer Study Aim: Experiments There are variables that may affect memory and recall.
The videos were excerpts from drivers ed courses so the researchers were aware of the speeds of the cars.Get access to Loftus And Palmer Essays only from Anti Essays.
Listed Results 1 - Get studying today and get the grades you want. Only at. Below is an essay on "Loftus and Palmer" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Loftus and Palmer. The effects of leading questions on memory.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, This experiment was a replication of the one Loftus and Palmer conducted in The results from this experiment did not favour Loftus and Palmers results.
If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay. This supports Loftus and Palmer’s findings as the study also changed the form of a question, which affected the witness’ response.
Loftus and Palmer changed the verb ‘smashed’ and ‘hit’ to establish whether or not this would affect their answer. All in all this is a very nicely structured and very well-presented essay that conveys an excellent knowledge of Loftus & Palmer's study into the reliability of eyewitness testimony.
Quality of writing. Elizabeth Loftus is a prominent figure in the research into eyewitness report. Although not the first of her career, the paper entitled Leading Questions and the Eyewitness Report is the first in a long line of research based on the effect of question wording and information on eyewitness memory.Download