Due to these methods, leading and intimidating questions by either of the attorneys may lead to unreliable testimony. It states that people store information in ways that make sense to them.
Eyewitness testimony is defined as an account given by a bystander or witness relating to the occurrence of a specific event. They wanted to show that leading questions could have an effect on the memory.
However, as shown by the stated factors and examples, this method of relaying an account of the crime is not bulletproof. In addition, the eyewitness himself may be a hindrance, due to their appearance or background.
False memories False memory is basically a lie told to the jurors by the eyewitness. He found that the story became shorter and participants often added their own interpretation and the whole theme of the ghosts was often forgotten. Witnesses are often called before a court of law to testify in trials and their testimony is considered crucial in the identification and arrest of a suspect and the likelihood of a jury convicting a defendant.
This time is one of the many factors that affect the reliability of eyewitness testimony. Since they did not entirely focus on the face of the perpetrator, they will tend to fill in the gaps with faces or body features that are common among suspects or simply force their memory to integrate the suspect arrested by the police.
It is common for witnesses who discriminate racially to be affected by this variable. Character assassination - It is common for defense attorneys to discredit the eyewitness in terms of character.
This practice walks a fine line, however, as accusations of age discrimination can sometimes result. The group with the verb smashed estimated the speed to be A study by Loftus and Palmer in looked at the effects of language on recall in eyewitness testimony.
Guns and gun violence are particular areas of concern in this case. There was however some weaknesses in that the study lacked ecological validity, it was ethically questionable and the participants were all students and therefore may not be a representative sample. These distortions can be quite frightening, for they can cause us to have memories of things that never happened.
Inaccurate testimony can lead to mistrial, being found in contempt of court and wrongful convictions. In this sample criminal justice essay from the talented Ultius writers, the validity of eyewitness testimony is examined.
This testimony is mainly based on recollection from memory, usually short-term rather than long-term memory.
Time is a factor There exists a time period from the actual occurrence of the event or crime to the time the eyewitness presents his statement to the police, his interrogation by the prosecutor, deposition by the defense attorney and finally, his statement in court.
Bartlett decided that memory is not accurate and is actively constructed using schemas. The findings showed that the estimated speed was affected by the verb used in the question.
In her book, Memory: All these factors prove that eyewitness testimony is not entirely reliable and should be questioned. American Psychologists Association, 42 11 Another force is at work. Gap filling and reliance on assumptions lead to poor reconstruction, which negates the reliability of testimony.
This recollection is even better with time. It is merely due to brain activity, which shows that eyewitness may be unreliable at times. However, false memory may also occur in another way, such that the eyewitness, in his recollection may discover that he was wrong, but in order to save face, sticks to the original story.
Due to the period that exists between occurrence and telling of the account, the mind is likely to reconstruct the memory. Type of questioning The type of questioning by attorneys may affect eyewitness testimony. However, most defense attorneys tend to tear eyewitnesses apart in such scenarios stating that the intensity of the situation may force wrong memories or exclusion of important details.
For example, a prosecutor may suggest to the witness that a suspect was in the scene by showing them footage from the crime such that the witness may conclude a person was the perpetrator by simply being shown footage that he was there at the time of the incident Loftus, Conclusion Reliance on human memory and character are the pillars of eyewitness testimony.Psychology Key Issue - Is eyewitness testimony reliable?
Eyewitness testimony refers to the statement given by a witness to an event/crime. It is important because in some cases, no forensic evidence can be traced. Also, jury members may lack the ability or confidence to interpret complex forensic evidence.3/5.
I believe that eyewitness testimony should not be used in court cases in which it is the only factor of determining the defendant's future.
Other factors should be considered. In some cases, the jury may not understand the concept of DNA and might not understand the importance and the accuracy of it. Validity of Eyewitness Testimony Validity of Eyewitness Testimony In today's court system one of the strongest pieces of evidence, or that most commonly accepted as fact by a jury, is eyewitness testimony.
The Importance of Eyewitness Testimony - This essay is going to look at eye witness testimony.
It will discuss whether or not it is reliable and studies will be looked at and evaluated to either back up or refute eyewitness reliability.
The Reliability of Eye-witness Testimony Eye-witness testimony plays a key role in courtroom trial. When there is no evidence to apprehend the accused, eye-witness testimony becomes an effective tool in apprehending the culprit.
Therefore this essay will investigate whether the application of eyewitness testimony statements is a reliable form of evidence to be used by the judicial system. Furthermore, this essay will argue whether eyewitness testimony is ideal to use as one of the most important pieces of evidence to use or whether the application of eyewitness testimony .Download